Combination/normal skin
The T-zone (the central part of the face, forehead and chin) is oilier in varying degrees, while the cheeks are drier. Ideally you would need to treat these two areas separately.

Dry skin
This type of skin can be prone to sensitivity, as dryness is perpetuated by temperature extremes, air conditioning and wind, which cause surface evaporation of moisture. It also has a low level of sebum, so is prone to flaking, tightness and chapping. Use products that are rich in moisture and cleansers that are cream- or oil-based, and avoid water-soluble products.

Oily skin
Oily skin is characterised by the overproduction of sebum, resulting in spots and blemishes. Don’t be tempted to strip the skin, as this can cause the oil glands to go into overtime. It can also leave the skin feeling taut and dehydrated, causing the epidermis to shrink and weaken, thereby restricting the oil flow and causing blockages to the pores, leading to breakouts. Use oil-based cleansing products that dissolve sebum and oil-free moisturisers to control shine.

Sensitive skin
Dry and delicate, it is particularly reactive to the environment; some detergents, cosmetics and alcohol can cause irritation that result in a red, blotchy and irritated complexion. Stick to alcohol- and fragrance-free treatments.

The bottom line
There’s not much you can do about the skin type you’re born with – but by taking care of it properly, you can control and maintain texture and radiance. And, make no mistake, the most essential skin saver is protection against excessive sun exposure and pollution – this is guaranteed to slow down the ageing process and keep your skin naturally beautiful.

Help your skin by...

  • Sticking to a healthy diet – beta carotene converts to vitamin A (essential in strengthening the skin tissue); vitamin C helps collagen production; vitamin E is good for conditioning; and vitamin B is good for repairing.
  • Supplementing your diet with evening primrose oil; it contains gamma-linolenic acid (GLA), a fatty acid that strengthens the skin cells and stimulates moisture content.
  • Getting enough sleep, allowing the skin to repair itself.
  • Exercising, which boosts blood flow.