Here are four new diets you can try and some info on what they’re all about. But remember that you should always speak to your doctor or nutritionist before starting a new diet.
The DASH diet
This diet was developed as a way to lower blood pressure without the help of medication according to its website. But the pay off is also a smaller waistline. The first DASH diet research showed that it could lower blood pressure and help reduce the need for many blood pressure medications and since then many studies have shown that it can also reduce the risk of many diseases such as stroke, heart disease and some kinds of cancer.
The eating plan is easy to follow (and was voted best diet of 2018) as it uses foods that you can find easily and includes servings from different food groups. It also recommends how many calories a day you should eat based on age and physical activity. If you want to maintain your weight, you only eat as many calories as you burn with physical activity. If you want to lose weight, then you eat less. There is also a limited sodium serving of 2300mg or 1500mg per day.
The Mediterranean diet
This one tied with the DASH diet for best overall diet of 2018, but it’s apparently more fun. Popsugar calls this one less of a diet and more of a “regional nutritional philosophy”. It’s basically thought that people who live in the Med live longer and suffer less from certain lifestyle diseases because they stick to simple eating guidelines and do some physical activity. The diet borrows from Greek, Italian and northern African fare and emphasises fruits and veggies, olive oil and healthy fats from nuts, fish, beans and whole grains.
A Harvard study found it to be the best diet for sustainable weight loss. This diet emphasises eating healthy foods in moderation instead of giving up entire food groups which means it’s easier to stick to.
The Nordic diet
Similar to the Mediterranean Diet, the Nordic diet recommends regional and seasonal nutrition – mostly fresh foods that are rooted in Nordic countries such as Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden. It’s also shown to have similar benefits as the Med diet which include better heart health, improved cholesterol levels and weight loss.
The main difference is that the Nordic diet relies on canola oil over olive oil, but both diets still have a heavy reliance on fruits and vegetables, fish, and whole grains and limits on sugary or processed foods. One study showed that it protects against metabolic syndrome, a cluster of symptoms (including high blood sugar, cholesterol, and triglycerides) that increase the risk of heart disease and diabetes.
The Keto diet
This diet gets its name from the metabolic state called ketosis. Ketosis is a normal metabolic process. When the body does not have enough glucose for energy, it burns stored fats instead; this results in a build-up of acids called ketones within the body.
Getting your body into the state of ketosis can help you lose fat while retaining muscle, increase your energy throughout the day and even boost your sex drive. The diet requires you to drastically reduce your carb intake while substantially increasing your fat intake and keeping your protein intake at a moderate level. So you’ll be eating a lot more avocado, olive oil, nuts, fish, eggs, meat, green veggies, a little bit of full-fat dairy, and a few berries.
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